North Hollywood is a Los Angeles, California neighborhood in the San Fernando Valley with residential blocks and the NoHo Arts District. Arts in NoHo include the El Portal Theatre and many new playhouses, art galleries, sound studios, and the Academy of TV Arts and Sciences. North Hollywood is one of the few subway-accessible neighborhoods in Los Angeles. North Hollywood was established by the Lankershim Ranch Land and Water Company in 1887. It was first named Toluca before being renamed Lankershim in 1896 and finally North Hollywood in 1927.
North Hollywood was once part of the vast landholdings of the Mission San Fernando Rey de España, confiscated by the government during the Mexican period of rule. A group of investors assembled as the San Fernando Farm Homestead Association purchased the southern half of the Rancho Ex-Mission San Fernando. The leading investor was Isaac Lankershim, a Northern California stockman and grain farmer, who was impressed by the Valley’s wild oats and proposed to raise sheep on the property. In 1873, Isaac Lankershim’s son and future son-in-law, James Boon Lankershim, and Isaac Newton Van Nuys moved to the San Fernando Valley and took over property management. Van Nuys thought the property could profitably grow wheat using the dryland farming technique developed on the Great Plains and leased land from the Association to test his theories. In time, the Lankershim property, under its third name, the Los Angeles Farming and Milling Company, would become the world’s largest wheat-growing empire.
In October 1887, J.B. Lankershim and eight other developers organized the Lankershim Ranch Land and Water Company, purchasing 12,000 acres (49 km2) north of the Cahuenga Pass from the Lankershim Farming and Milling Company. Lankershim established a townsite that the residents named Toluca along the old road from Cahuenga Pass to San Fernando. On April 1, 1888, they offered ready-made small farms for sale, already planted with deep-rooted deciduous fruit and nut trees—primarily peaches, pears, apricots, and walnuts—that could survive the rainless summers of the Valley by relying on the high-water table along the Tujunga Wash rather than surface irrigation.
Recreation and Parks
The North Hollywood Recreation Center is mostly in North Hollywood, with a portion in Valley Village. The park has an auditorium, lighted indoor baseball diamond courts, lighted outdoor baseball diamonds, lighted outdoor basketball courts, a children’s play area, lighted handball courts, picnic tables, an outdoor unheated seasonal pool, and lighted tennis courts. In addition, the center has an indoor gymnasium which can be used as a second auditorium and a community room; the gymnasium’s capacity is 250 people. The Valley Plaza Recreation Center in North Hollywood includes an auditorium, barbecue pits, a lighted baseball diamond, lighted outdoor basketball courts, a children’s play area, a 40-person community room, a lighted American football field, an indoor gymnasium without weights, an outdoor gymnasium without consequences, picnic tables, lighted tennis courts, and unlighted volleyball courts. The Jamie Beth Slaven Park is in North Hollywood, an unstaffed pocket park with unlighted outdoor basketball courts, a children’s play area, and picnic tables.
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